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Tax Blog

What is Personal Liability?

Personal liability refers to the legal responsibility of individuals for their actions or obligations. In the context of owning a business, it means that you, as the business owner, can be held personally responsible for certain debts, legal claims, or obligations of the business. This means your personal assets, such as your home, savings, or investments, could be at risk if the business faces financial or legal troubles.

Scenarios Where Personal Liability Comes into Play:

  1. Sole Proprietorship: If you operate as a sole proprietorship, there is no legal separation between you and your business. As a result, you are personally liable for all debts and legal obligations of the business.

  2. Personal Guarantees: Many business loans, leases, or contracts require personal guarantees, especially for small businesses or startups. Signing a personal guarantee means that you are personally liable for fulfilling the terms of the agreement, even if the business cannot.

  3. Failure to Maintain Corporate Formalities: If you neglect to uphold the required corporate formalities for your business structure, such as holding regular meetings, keeping accurate financial records, or maintaining a clear separation between personal and business finances, you risk "piercing the corporate veil." In this scenario, a court may disregard the limited liability protection provided by your business structure, exposing your personal assets to business liabilities.

Protecting Yourself from Personal Liability:

  1. Choose the Right Business Structure: Determine the appropriate structure for your business entity. Each business entity type has different requirements and tax implications.

  2. Maintain Corporate Formalities: If you have a business entity, it's crucial to maintain corporate formalities such as keeping accurate financial records, holding regular meetings, and avoiding commingling personal and business funds. Failing to do so could result in "piercing the corporate veil," where a court disregards the limited liability protection of having a business entity.

  3. Insurance: Invest in appropriate insurance coverage for your business, such as general liability insurance, professional liability insurance, or product liability insurance. These policies can provide financial protection in case of lawsuits or other claims against your business.

  4. Be Mindful of Contracts: Before signing any contracts or agreements on behalf of your business, carefully review the terms and consider seeking legal advice. Avoid personal guarantees whenever possible and negotiate terms that limit your personal liability. When you are signing a contract be mindful that you are signing in the correct capacity.


While personal liability is an inherent risk of owning a business, there are steps you can take to mitigate this risk and protect yourself and your assets. By choosing the right business structure, maintaining corporate formalities, investing in insurance, and being cautious with contracts, you can confidently navigate the complexities of business ownership.

Remember, seeking guidance from legal and financial professionals is always a wise decision when it comes to protecting yourself and your business interests. With careful planning and proactive measures, you can focus on growing your business without worrying about personal liability looming over your head.

For more information, please contact The Center for Financial, Legal, & Tax Planning, Inc. professionals at (618) 997-3436.


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